"Fair use" is simply a lawyer created license to steal. If something is in the public domain even a rework or reedit becomes the property of the editor. One might argue how much of the use is from public domain, but if you used the modern version at all you are on shaky ethical if not legal grounds.
As an example many creators use the Creative Commons license categories for their work. If they just want to get the meme out there free use is selected, others want attribution only, others restrict modification and reuse, some prohibit any use without permission and compensation.
You shall not covet take (from the Hebrew) your neighbor's house. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor. — Exodus 20:17
If hesh created it, it belongs to your neighbor.
When our first book came out on Amazon, it was less than 48 hours later that you could buy a photocopied copy of it at half off - of which we recieved not one penny. Duo
And music appears on YouTube just as fast. Bands depend on merchandise sales rather than royalties these days. And/or crowd funding for the album which will be ripped as soon as it appears. "But think of the exposure!" doesn't pay the bills.